What is Habitat Conservation?

tree plantingHabitat Conservation is a practice that aims to protect, conserve or restore the habitat areas of wild animals and plants. This effort is vital for maintaining balance in the ecosystem. Without ecological balance, all living things including humans as well as all the plants and animals will be in danger of extinction.

There are different types of habitat that need to be conserved or protected:

Habitats that need to be conserved:

Freshwater Habitat – the freshwater habitat is composed of lakes, streams, ponds, bogs and rivers. These natural habitats are home to a wide range of freshwater creatures including fishes that also serve as food to other animals. Aside from that, humans also rely on freshwater as source of drinking water. The freshwater habitat needs to be protected because it is sensitive to human impact.

Seas, Oceans and Coasts – Around 50 percent of living species on earth can be found on seas and oceans. The marine ecosystem has continuously provided people a source of food, medicine and more. However, due to greediness and lack of concern by some people, the marine ecosystem is now in danger. Oil spills, illegal fishing, throwing of garbage, and disposing of other toxic waste to the ocean are just some of the factors that destroy these habitats. Now is the best time to work for their preservation.

Forests – Many wild animals, birds and plants consider the forests to be their home. Forest plants also take in carbon dioxide and give in oxygen which is necessary for all living things. But with widespread deforestation and degradation due to forest fire and human activities, this type of ecosystem may not be able to support life 20 or more years from now. It is reported that around 80 percent of the forests in the world have already been irreparably degraded or destroyed. And if this destruction will continue, there will be no more forest to support life in the future.

Prairies and Grasslands – the prairies and grasslands also support a wide variety of plants and animals. Economic growth and development claimed more than half of these habitats for use as golf courses, commercial spaces and human settlement.

Deserts and Arid lands – Many animal species that are most adaptable can be found in deserts and arid lands. While this type of habitat may seem to be inhospitable to animals, if you will look closely, it is teeming with life. Small changes in the precipitation and temperature in these dry lands could greatly impact the life that they support. But due to global warming, drastic changes in the weather are now common in these areas.

These are some of the habitats that support the life of plants, animals and human beings. Their destruction could also mean the destruction of the life that depended on them. People have an important role to play to conserve these habitats. Even in your own home, you can do something for their conservation. For instance, using environment-friendly products as opposed to using toxic chemicals can positively impact the environment which also serves as our habitat. If you like a bigger role, you could also volunteer with organizations that focus on habitat conservation. Even the simplest habitat conservation effort that you do now can help save and conserve these habitats.

How to Do Your Part in Protecting Wildlife

butterflyWe often hear of organizations urging people to help protect wildlife. But not so many understand their would-be roles if they even want to help and really be proactive in this goal. Protecting wildlife is something not so many people are aware of.

Many of our wildlife became endangered species or are already extinct because of several factors such as destruction of their natural habitat. But the human factor is almost always there. People destroy their natural habitat by deforestation or throwing toxic chemicals in bodies of water. They also hunt wild or exotic animals for their fleece, horn, teeth, or for other parts of their body. Each animal is vital for the balance in the ecosystem. If we will not act now to save them, our future will be at stake.

Protecting the wildlife is everybody’s job. You can do it regardless of your age, gender, financial or educational status. Here are simple ways to do it:

  • Train your cat to be an indoor pet. It is okay for cats to hunt for mice inside your home because they are really a natural predator. However, if left inside your home, the natural instinct of cats is to hunt vulnerable birds.
  • Make a decision with due consideration to wildlife. For instance, if you plan to cut a tree or clear a forested area in your property, consider the wildlife that may have depended on it like the birds and other insects.
  • Provide food and water. For some animals especially birds, it can be difficult to find food during summer and winter. It will really help wild birds and other insects if you can provide a birdfeeder and a bird bath or a small pool in your garden.
  • Do not use chemicals in your garden. Spraying pesticides and other lawn treatment could be harmful to the environment and to animals including household pets. Instead, use natural pest repellants and fertilizers for your garden.
  • Do not use or buy products made from animal skin or parts. If you patronize the product, you are also taking part of killing the wildlife.
  • Provide immediate care for injured animals. If you see any injured animal, you can provide first-aid if you have an experience in doing it. Otherwise, you should contact immediately your local animal care agency to do the job.
  • Volunteer for organizations that aim to save, protect or rehabilitate wildlife. There are various organizations worldwide that were established for various purposes that can benefit the wildlife. If you have spare time, you can dedicate several hours a day or several days during your break to take part in their efforts.
  • Report any illegal activities which you think are doing harm to the animals. If you know of illegal fishing or illegal hunting of exotic animals in your area, don’t hesitate to report it to the authorities.

These are just some of the simple ways that you can do to help in protecting the wildlife. There are no small or simple efforts when it comes to saving, rescuing and protecting the wildlife. Every effort counts. And now is the best time to make your efforts count.

How to Be a Responsible Dog Owner

Being a responsible dog owner does not mean just feeding, sheltering and vaccinating your pet. There is more to being a responsible pet owner. You should know that dogs are naturally inquisitive and playful. If left unleashed outdoors, they could destroy gardens, poop anywhere, or hurt other people. As a dog owner, there are things you could do and should do to avoid these scenarios:

Leash your dog when outdoors

If you are fond of bringing your dog for a walk in places where pets may be allowed, it would be safe to leash your dog for the sake of other animals and people. Regardless of size, whether you own a husky Pomeranian mix, like the one at huskypomeranianmix.com, or a German shepherd, leashing is important when you are in a public place. Even if you know your dog to be friendly, other people might see them as a threat to their own safety. Unleashed dogs can also harm animals on their way including birds, and accidentally trample on plants and grasses while playing. Unless it is a designated off-leash area, be sure to always leash your dog outdoors.

Respect no-dog areas

There are public places that are considered “no-dog” areas. They may include nature parks which serve as a wildlife habitat for many animals. These places are sensitive to dogs as there are animals and plants that may be possibly harmed with your dog’s presence, either on or off-leash. As a pet owner, you can help protect these wildlife areas by not bringing your dog when visiting these places.

Scoop the poop

A dog’s poop is a raw sewage containing harmful organisms such as Leptospira, E.coli and even roundworms. If left on the ground, the organisms in it could be washed into streams and rivers when it rains. Children, other dogs and wildlife may contract these organisms and suffer health problems. To avoid this havoc, be ready with your poop bag and scooper when taking your dog out.

Find off-leash areas

Your dog also deserves freedom to play, run and socialize. Your city or municipality should have designated off-leash areas for dogs. You could bring your dog to these places once in a while.

Keep your surroundings safe for your pet

Exposure to harmful chemicals causes death and serious health problems such as cancer among dogs. As an owner, be sure that your dog is not exposed to these harmful chemicals. One way to do it is to clean-up any oil and chemical drippings in your garage as soon as you are done fixing your car. Do not use toxic pesticides or herbicides in your yard or garden. Also, it would be good to use non-toxic cleaners in your home. Doing so will not only protect your dog but also the environment.

Being a responsible dog owner is thinking about the welfare of other animals, people and the environment. By observing the tips mentioned here, you can have an enjoyable time with your dog outdoors without affecting others or causing damage to the surroundings.

10 Steps in Dealing with Stray Dogs

Caring for our wildlife is not just about caring for wild animals. It could also mean caring for stray pets, especially dogs. In the US, there are more than one million homeless dogs that roam the streets in various cities and localities. Homeless dogs may have more freedom than dogs at home, but they will have a difficult chance of survival especially during colder seasons. As a citizen, there are things that you could do to help these strayed animals:

1. Assess the situation.

Seeing a stray dog is like seeing a fish out of the water. You may feel that urgent need to help but you should not act yet. Assess the situation first. For instance, if you see a dog across the street, running after it may put your life or that of other motorists in danger. In this case, it will be safer for you to wait for the dog to cross the street before you help. Conversely, you should first assess if you can handle the dog on your own. Smaller breeds are generally easier to handle than bigger ones such as a boxer pitbull mix, you can learn about them at www.dogbreeds101.org. If you think you can handle the dog, bring it to safety. If you cannot, you could either request other people to help you or you may also call the local authorities for help.

2. Protect yourself.

Even if you are dealing with a small or friendly dog, it is wise to always exercise caution as these dogs may have a tendency to be hostile or defensive due to prior neglect or abuse. While approaching a stray dog, use any barrier for protection against bites or attacks such as a backpack, tennis racket or anything that is handy. Once it allows you to approach, build rapport with the animal to gain its trust. You could offer it some food and stay with it for a while. After gaining its trust, it will now be easier for you to leash the dog. If you don’t have a leash or rope with you, find any box that you can use to transport it.

3. Know ownership.

Once the dog is restrained, you could now concentrate on checking its ownership. If it has a collar, it will be easier to identify the owner. Determining the ownership can help you avoid the potential hassle of caring for a stray dog that actually has an owner.

4. Check the condition of the dog.

You could do a quick check on the dog’s ear if it is suffering from a dog ear infection or check its skin for any wounds, injury or other conditions that may need immediate medical attention. Any stray dog is potentially infected with diseases which could spread to you and other pets. It may also need vaccination and shots for its or your protection. While you could do a quick checkup, a general checkup by a veterinarian is better done to assess the dog’s overall health.

5. Bring the dog to a shelter or veterinarian.

Bring the dog to a local animal rescue center or to a veterinarian. Inform them of the possibility that the dog may have a microchip insert which will help locate its owner. Most veterinarians and animal facilities have the technology to read these microchip inserts. It is important that you should turn-over the dog to any of these agencies so that the animal can also be treated for any condition that it might have.

You might think that caring for a stray dog is a total hassle to whatever you may be doing. But think of it as your way of contributing to the wildlife.

5 Ways to Have a Healthy Pregnancy

During pregnancy, a woman is not only caring for herself but also nurturing her unborn baby. Whatever she eats or does can greatly affect the physical or mental development of the baby. That is why it is important for her to stay healthy at all times during her pregnancy. It is not that difficult to do.

Here are ten simple ways on how to stay healthy during your pregnancy:

1. See your doctor.

See your doctor as soon as you discover that you are pregnant. This is important so that your doctor can help you on antenatal care and so that you can have a healthy pregnancy right from the start.

2. Eat the right foods.

When you are pregnant, strive to have a balanced diet composed of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. You should also have regular servings of protein such as lean meat, fish, nuts, eggs and other dairy products. When consuming fish, choose those that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids; they can help in your child’s nervous system development.

Moreover, avoid any uncooked meat, sea foods and poultry products as well as unpasteurized milk to avoid foodborne diseases as well as diarrhea during pregnancy. These kinds of food may even cause diarrhea in toddlers, which only proves that they are not good for consumption especially when you are pregnant.

3. Take vitamin supplements.

Taking vitamin supplements will not substitute having a balanced diet but they could help avoid any vitamin deficiency which may affect the normal development of your baby. Common supplements recommended by doctors include vitamin D and folic acid supplement.

4. Exercise regularly.

Exercises such as walking, brisk walking, yoga, and swimming are just among the exercises that are suitable for pregnant individuals. They can help you stay fit and develop endurance to cope with the extra weight you will be carrying for nine months. However, if you have a risky pregnancy, you may have to consult your doctor before starting an exercise regimen.

5. Reduce consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages.

Any alcoholic drink will reach your baby through the blood stream. It is not yet sure how much alcohol is safe for the mother and the unborn baby. The best course of action is to avoid drinking alcohol and to totally avoid it during pregnancy. The same is true with caffeinated drinks.

6. Stop smoking.

Smoking during pregnancy puts you or your baby at risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, premature birth and cot death among others.

Aside from that, smoking poses major threats to the environment. It is estimated that 300 cigarettes produced are equivalent to one tree being consumed for their production. The estimated cigarette production worldwide every year is around 5.6 trillion. That is equivalent to 18.6 billion trees per year. Additionally, discarded cigarette butts are blamed for some cases of wildfires which destroy wildlife and their natural habitats. These figures indicate that smoking can generally be harmful not only to our health but also to the environment. It is best to completely stop smoking. And you have more reasons to stop it while you are pregnant.

7. Get adequate rest.

When you are pregnant, there are many hormonal changes in your body that can make you feel easily tired. When you feel tired, just rest. Don’t push yourself too much. Adequate rest is especially good for the development of your child.

Pregnancy is not just about you; it is also about your baby. So keep yourself healthy by observing the steps mentioned here so that you could have a healthy baby.

Benefits of Braces for Teeth

For decades now, braces are gaining in popularity not only among children but also among adults. In fact, more than four million people in the US are presently wearing braces and this number continuously increases. There are numerous teeth problems that can be solved by wearing braces. Although it is an expensive and painful remedy, many people are still considering this option because of its many benefits:

1. Braces correct a wide range of teeth problems.

Among the most common reasons why children and even adults have braces is to realign the jaw or to correct crooked growth of teeth. It can also help in correcting overcrowding teeth by putting spacers for braces in between the teeth. These problems oftentimes cause a lack of confidence among patients to smile. But after getting braces, you may regain that confidence and be proud of your smile. Additionally, correcting these problems helps improve dental hygiene, reducing your risk of developing oral diseases.

2. Protects teeth.

Patients having irregular bite patterns put much stress on certain teeth, causing them to wear more rapidly than other teeth. Protruding front teeth also are more susceptible to damage especially when a person is engaged into physical sports. By wearing braces, these problems can be corrected and it protects susceptible teeth from getting damage.

3. Improves eating.

Some people have difficulty in chewing or biting because of certain teeth problems. This difficulty more often comes with pain during eating. Correcting crooked or misaligned growth of teeth normally solves biting and chewing problems and works as tooth pain relief for pain associated with eating.

4. Boosts your self confidence and self-esteem.

Majority of people getting braces are those who are not happy and confident about the appearance of their teeth. Some are embarrassed to smile because they think that their teeth are not visually appealing. As a result, they become uncomfortable in social situations. But once your teeth are corrected using braces, you will become more confident to socialize and show your smile.

5. Serves an important lesson in the preservation and conservation of the environment.

Many people think that serious teeth problems such as misaligned growth are difficult to correct, but it is possible. Correcting it leaves an important lesson among people who work for the preservation and conservation of the environment. No problem is difficult to solve if you are just serious about it and would invest money on it. Just as braces are expensive, it can also be expensive to provide for a solution to our environmental problems which include pollution and destruction of the natural habitat of plants and animals. However, it can be worth the expense if it means saving the environment.

Although braces have disadvantages which include the expensive cost and pain associated with getting them, many people are still willing to invest on them and to take the risk because of their numerous benefits. We should do the same for our environment. After all, we will also gain numerous benefits by protecting and preserving it.

5 Things Coloring Pages Can Teach Your Children

Aside from toys, coloring pages are quite popular among kids. Nowadays, Disney’s Frozen coloring pages along with fairy tales and My Little Pony coloring pages are among the most popular in the market. Coloring pages are versatile materials which can be used by younger and older children. There are also a wide range of options available from heroic and fairy tale coloring pages to the most recent Disney movies. Parents can never go wrong with buying their kids coloring pages since they offer many benefits:

1. Coloring techniques

One of the most basic purposes of coloring pages is to teach young children basic coloring techniques such as choosing the color and coloring style. It is easier to teach toddlers about the different colors and the way to color if you show them through coloring pages.

2. Shapes and other objects

Toddlers can easily learn about the different shapes, fruits, vegetables and other objects through coloring pages. There are coloring pages that focus on a particular topic such as pages about green leafy vegetables or different shapes. As parents, you should guide your child while they color so that you can also teach and explain the different objects found in each page.

3. Good manners

For middle-aged children, coloring pages that teach about good manners are an excellent choice. You could use this material to teach your child about sharing, helping others, doing chores, studying, and other good manners. If you can find a coloring page with their favorite cartoon character teaching about good manners, then that would be even better.

4. Caring for plants and animals

If you like your child to have awareness about caring for plants and animals, you can start teaching them through coloring pages. There are some coloring pages that teach this lesson through a story that children can easily follow. One of the best examples of this kind of coloring pages is the Captain Planet coloring pages which used to be very popular. They are now mostly available online and are a good material that can teach children about saving the planet including the plants and animals. They also help raise awareness about the negative impact of human actions to the planet.

5. Caring for the environment

There are coloring pages that are especially made to help children and even adults understand why it is important to care for the environment especially the natural habitat of plants and animals. Some of these materials teach what we can do to save the environment such as tree planting, proper garbage disposal, rescuing animals and others. They may not be widely available in the market but you could easily search them online. There are even free printable pages available.

Coloring pages are more than just coloring materials because there are many lessons that children can learn from them. To optimize learning, it would be good to choose age-appropriate coloring pages for your child. Most coloring pages in the market or even online will tell the pertinent age group on which it is appropriate. You could take that as a reference.

5 Tips to Have Healthy Baby

Pregnancy and breastfeeding are two stages in the life of women when their health is of utmost importance, not for themselves, but especially for their babies. If you don’t care much about your health, you should when you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Whatever you eat, drink or do can greatly affect the condition of your child. The best way to have a healthy baby is to live healthily while the baby is still in your womb and while you are nursing it.

Here are five simple tips that you could follow to have a healthy baby:

1. Eat Healthy Foods

When you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you are sharing the nutritional value of the food you eat to your baby. That is why it is important that you should eat healthy foods and avoid certain foods that can harm your baby. There are certain foods to avoid while breastfeeding or when pregnant. These include spicy foods, uncooked foods, and alcoholic or caffeinated beverages. Additionally, you should also avoid smoking as this habit can be harmful to the health of your baby.

Although you may not notice the effects of taking in these foods or beverages, you will, if you take them in large quantities and in greater frequency. For pregnant women who take in these foods, the effects on their babies include low birth weight or in the case of a breastfeeding mom, upset stomach on the baby and an inability to sleep.

2. Exercise Regularly

Exercise is also important among pregnant and breastfeeding moms. There are appropriate exercises that you can do which can help strengthen your body and enable you to have stamina to carry the weight of your baby. Aside from exercises, it is also common for some pregnant women to enroll in yoga classes.

3. Take Vitamin Supplements

For pregnant women, folic acid is the most essential supplement to help avoid birth defects. For breastfeeding moms, there are also vitamin supplements that you could take to increase your milk supply for your baby.

4. Take Adequate Rest

More than ever, rest is really essential among pregnant women as it also promotes healthy physical and brain development for your unborn child. Moreover, when you are breastfeeding, you also need more rest because the amount of rest can affect your milk supply. Overly stressed women tend to have lower milk supply for their babies.

5. Spend Time with Nature

Spending time with nature to meditate or rejuvenate is also a good way of caring for yourself and your baby when you are pregnant or breastfeeding. You could visit natural reserves where you could appreciate the plants and animals in their natural habitats. But be sure that when you visit these places, you will not do anything that can harm the environment.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding are both rewarding experiences for most women. Some women even get to face a challenge of having a period while breastfeeding but still are willing to do anything for their babies. You should do the same. Keep your baby healthy by observing the five simple tips if you are pregnant or are breastfeeding.

What Is Antihistamine?

Many people suffer from various forms of allergic reactions such as allergic skin problems, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, hay fever and others. Although most of these allergies are not life-threatening, there are allergic reactions that are more serious than others such as fluid in lungs, read more about it at www.commonbreathingproblems.com, which need immediate medical attention. Most doctors would recommend taking antihistamines for treating a number of allergies.

Commercial antihistamines are readily available in capsule or tablet form, lotions, creams, gels and nasal spray. Most of them can be bought over-the-counter, while others need a prescription.

A person may suffer from a certain allergic reaction when the immune system would take a harmless substance such as dust or pollen for a threat. The body protects itself by releasing histamines to fight off the infection. After they have been released, they will then bind to various cell receptors in the body, causing them to leak fluid or to swell. This in turn results to nasal congestion, inflammation, itching, sneezing and other symptoms. To prevent histamines from causing further allergic reactions to the body, antihistamines will block them from binding to receptors.

There are different types of antihistamines in the market. There are first-generation, second-generation and third-generation antihistamines. First-generation antihistamines such as diphenhydramine and chlorphenamine are known to cause drowsiness and other side effects to some people. On the other hand, second-generation antihistamine such as cetirizine and loratadine and third-generation antihistamine such fexofenadine have fewer side effects. This is one of the reasons why many doctors normally recommend taking these latter two instead of the first generation antihistamines.

While many antihistamines are available over-the-counter, you should not assume that it is safe for everyone to use. Some people with certain health conditions may develop unpredictable side effects after taking them. That is why it is always safe to refer to your doctor for advice and direction. It is also important to consider that antihistamines do not work immediately after taking them. Normally, they work after 15 to 30 minutes and could protect you for up to two hours. Taking antihistamine before you are even exposed to allergens such as dust can stop any allergic reaction. But if you take them after you are exposed to allergens, it could just alleviate your symptoms.

While commercial antihistamines are readily available, some people are considering the long-term side effects to their health. That is why there are people who are looking for alternative antihistamines. Nature also produces some of the most effective natural antihistamines. These include plants, herbs, fruits and vegetables such as basil, chamomile, garlic, fennel, ginger, lemon, oregano, thyme, papaya and most of the green leafy vegetables that are high in flavonoids. That is why it is important for us to care for our environment, particularly the plant wildlife because many of the plants we can find in the wild or plant in our garden may give us significant benefits.

Antihistamines are very helpful in treating allergies. You have the option to use natural or commercial antihistamines. One important consideration is that commercial ones usually have side effects while the natural ones generally don’t have.

Important Facts about Liver Pain

The liver is an important body organ responsible for many vital functions such as bile secretion, detoxification, protein production for blood clotting, storage of glycogen, hormone production, red blood cells decomposition, carbohydrate metabolism, fat metabolism, protein metabolism, and amino acid production among others. Because it is pivotal in the normal functioning of the body, it is important that utmost attention must be given in caring for this vital organ.

However, the liver is just like any other organ that is not immune to all types of diseases. And one of the most common liver problems experienced by many people is liver pain. Some people who are used to experiencing pain such as pain on top of foot, stomach pain and back pain easily take liver pain for granted. But it can be a sign of a really serious liver disease that needs immediate medical treatment.

Medically known as hepatalgia, pain in the liver is usually felt in the upper-right side of the abdomen. It is more often perceived as a dull and vague pain which can turn into a severe and sharp pain with accompanying backache. Sometimes, a painful liver can be perceived as intestinal pain, shoulder pain or back pain. If you are not sure of what is causing the pain, you should see your doctor for proper diagnosis.

There are several factors that can cause liver pain. One of them is alcohol abuse. As a person consumes alcohol, it gets absorbed in the blood which later on is deposited to the liver since the liver filters any impurities in the blood before reaching other organs. Alcohol deposits in the liver can cause not just pain but serious health conditions such as cirrhosis of the liver and other liver diseases. Other causes of liver pain include fatty liver, inflammation, hepatitis, liver toxicity, cancer, liver failure and others.

Normally, the pain in the liver will just go away if the underlying health condition has already been treated. And treatment can only be administered if there is appropriate diagnosis of the problem. The key here is that early treatment gives you the best chance of recovering from your ailment. The more you delay treatment, threatening complications may arise which will make it more challenging to get treatment.

To diagnose pain in the liver, patients normally undergo a blood or urine test. Ultrasound or endoscopy may also be necessary if cirrhosis of the liver or scarring is detected. In serious cases, a liver biopsy may also be necessary.

Patients with painful liver have options when it comes to treatment. Taking certain medications and undergoing surgery are just two of the many acceptable options. For a more effective treatment, it should also be associated with lifestyle changes such as avoiding alcohol consumption.

Additionally, while we often look up to medical treatment for liver problems, prevention is always better than cure. To keep our liver healthy, nature provides us with plants and herbs such as licorice, turmeric, flaxseeds and vegetables such as cabbage, onion, broccoli and carrots to counter liver diseases. This shows that nature provides us some of the most effective and inexpensive remedies to keep us healthy. That is why we should not neglect caring and protecting our nature including plant and animal wildlife.

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