Habitat Conservation is a practice that aims to protect, conserve or restore the habitat areas of wild animals and plants. This effort is vital for maintaining balance in the ecosystem. Without ecological balance, all living things including humans as well as all the plants and animals will be in danger of extinction.
There are different types of habitat that need to be conserved or protected:
Habitats that need to be conserved:
Freshwater Habitat – the freshwater habitat is composed of lakes, streams, ponds, bogs and rivers. These natural habitats are home to a wide range of freshwater creatures including fishes that also serve as food to other animals. Aside from that, humans also rely on freshwater as source of drinking water. The freshwater habitat needs to be protected because it is sensitive to human impact.
Seas, Oceans and Coasts – Around 50 percent of living species on earth can be found on seas and oceans. The marine ecosystem has continuously provided people a source of food, medicine and more. However, due to greediness and lack of concern by some people, the marine ecosystem is now in danger. Oil spills, illegal fishing, throwing of garbage, and disposing of other toxic waste to the ocean are just some of the factors that destroy these habitats. Now is the best time to work for their preservation.
Forests – Many wild animals, birds and plants consider the forests to be their home. Forest plants also take in carbon dioxide and give in oxygen which is necessary for all living things. But with widespread deforestation and degradation due to forest fire and human activities, this type of ecosystem may not be able to support life 20 or more years from now. It is reported that around 80 percent of the forests in the world have already been irreparably degraded or destroyed. And if this destruction will continue, there will be no more forest to support life in the future.
Prairies and Grasslands – the prairies and grasslands also support a wide variety of plants and animals. Economic growth and development claimed more than half of these habitats for use as golf courses, commercial spaces and human settlement.
Deserts and Arid lands – Many animal species that are most adaptable can be found in deserts and arid lands. While this type of habitat may seem to be inhospitable to animals, if you will look closely, it is teeming with life. Small changes in the precipitation and temperature in these dry lands could greatly impact the life that they support. But due to global warming, drastic changes in the weather are now common in these areas.
These are some of the habitats that support the life of plants, animals and human beings. Their destruction could also mean the destruction of the life that depended on them. People have an important role to play to conserve these habitats. Even in your own home, you can do something for their conservation. For instance, using environment-friendly products as opposed to using toxic chemicals can positively impact the environment which also serves as our habitat. If you like a bigger role, you could also volunteer with organizations that focus on habitat conservation. Even the simplest habitat conservation effort that you do now can help save and conserve these habitats.